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This section describes layouts and usage of system_schema.* tables.
Computed columns are a special kind of columns. Rather than having their value provided directly by the user, they are computed - possibly from other column values. Examples of such computed columns could be:
token column generated from the base partition key for secondary indexes
map value column, generated as the extraction of a single value from a map stored in a different column
Computed columns in many ways act as regular columns, so they are also present in the
system_schema.columns table -
system_schema.computed_columns is an additional mapping that marks the column as computed and provides its computation.
CREATE TABLE system_schema.computed_columns ( keyspace_name text, table_name text, column_name text, computation blob, PRIMARY KEY (keyspace_name, table_name, column_name) ) WITH CLUSTERING ORDER BY (table_name ASC, column_name ASC);
computation is stored as a blob and its contents are assumed to be a JSON representation of computation’s type
and any custom fields needed.
The token computation does not need additional arguments, as it returns the token of base’s partition key. In order to compute a map value, what’s additionally needed is the column name that stores the map and the key at which the value is expected.