File format of the Scylla.db sstable component

The Scylla.db component (present in a file named like mc-223-big-Scylla.db contains assorted Scylla-only metadata. Its presence indicates the sstable was created by Scylla (or some Scylla-aware creator). Non-Scylla consumers will ignore it.

The file is small and intended to be processed in-memory.

Main structure

The main structure is that of an unordered set of subcomponents. Each component is prefixed with a be32 tag that indicates its type, and its serialized size (so unknown subcomponents can be skipped).

scylla_db = subcomponent_count (tag serialized_size subcomponent)*
subcomponent_count = be32
serialized_size = be32
tag = be32

Subcomponents and tag values

The following subcomponents are recognized. They are described in more detail in individual sections

subcomponent = sharding_metadata
    | features
    | extension_attributes
    | run_identifier
    | large_data_stats

sharding_metadata (tag 1): describes what token sub-ranges are included in this sstable. This is used, when loading the sstable, to determine which shard(s) it occupies.

features (tag 2): a set of boolean flags that describe the sstable

extension_attributes (tag 3): a map<string, string> with additional attributes

run_identifier (tag 4): a uuid that is the same for all sstables in the same run (and different for sstables in different runs).

large_data_stats: a map<large_data_type, large_data_stats_entry> with statistics about large data entities in the sstable.

sharding_metadata subcomponent

sharding_metadata = token_range_count token_range*
token_range_count = be32
token_range = left_token_bound right_token_bound
left_token_bound = token_bound
right_token_bound = token_bound
token_bound = exclusive_flag token
exclusive_flag = byte          // 0=inclusive, 1=exclusive
token = token_size byte*
token_size = be16

Sharding metadata is a sorted list of disjoint token ranges. Each token range consists of a left bound and a right bound; either bound may be inclusive or exclusive. The tokens are interpreted according to the partitioner.

The sstable contains no partitions whose token is outside the ranges described by sharding_metadata.

features subcomponent

features = be64      // interpreted as a set of bits

bit 0: NonCompoundPIEntries (if set, indicates the sstable was generated by Scylla with issue #2993 fixed)

bit 1: NonCompoundRangeTombstones (if set, indicates the sstable was generated by Scylla with issue #2986 fixed)

bit 2: ShadowableTombstones (if set, indicates the sstable was generated by Scylla with issue #3885 fixed)

bit 3: CorrectStaticCompact (if set, indicates the sstable was generated by Scylla with issue #4139 fixed)

bit 4: CorrectEmptyCounters (if set, indicates the sstable was generated by Scylla with issue #4363 fixed)

bit 5: CorrectUDTsInCollections (if set, indicates that the sstable was generated by Scylla with issue #6130 fixed)

extension_attributes subcomponent

extension_attributes = extension_attribute_count extension_attribute*
extension_attribute_count = be32
extension_attribute = extension_attribute_key extension_attribute_value
extension_attribute_key = string32
extension_attribute_value = string32
string32 = string32_size byte*
string32_size = be32

There are currently no defined attributes.

run_identifier subcomponent

run_identifier = uuid
uuid = uuid_high_bits uuid_low_bits
uuid_high_bits = be64
uuid_low_bits = be64

If the run_identifier subcomponent is present, the sstable is part of a run. All sstables with the same run_identifier belong to the same run. They are guaranteed to be disjoint (non-overlapping) in their partition keys.

large_data_stats subcomponent

large_data_stats = large_data_count large_data_pair*
large_data_count = be32
large_data_pair = large_data_type large_data_stats_entry
large_data_type = partition_size | row_size | cell_size | rows_in_partition
    partition_size = be32(1)    // partition size, in bytes
    row_size = be32(2)          // row size, in bytes
    cell_size = be32(3)         // cell size, in bytes
    rows_in_partition = be32(4) // number of rows in a partition
large_data_stats_entry = max_value threshold above_threshold
    max_value = be64
    threshold = be64
    above_threshold = be32

The large_data_stats component holds statistics about partition, row, and cell sizes and about number of rows in partition. For each entry, it keeps the largest value for the entry type, the respective large_data threshold and the number of entities that are above the threshold.